Predictors of lymph nodes posterior to the right recurrent laryngeal nerve metastasis in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma: A retrospective study

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors associated with lymph nodes posterior to the right recurrent laryngeal nerve (LN-prRLN) metastasis in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC).

A total of 81 PTC patients who underwent total/near-total thyroidectomy with LN-prRLN dissection in the Department of General Surgery at Guangdong General Hospital between June 2015 and August 2016 were assessed retrospectively. The relations of LN-prRLN metastasis with clinicopathologic characteristics of PTC were analyzed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression.

The incidence of LN-prRLN metastasis in patients with PTC was 51.9% (42 of 81 cases). Univariate analysis showed that lateral LN metastasis (P = .005), VIa central LN metastasis (P = .000), pathologic tumor size (P = .000), capsular invasion (P = .002), and extrathyroidal invasion (P = .018) (P < .05) were significantly associated with the increased incidence of LN-prRLN metastasis in PTC. No significant correlations were found between LN-prRLN metastasis and other variables such as gender (P = .056), age (P = .448), clinical N stage (cN) (P = .063), tumor location (P = .336), tumor site (P = .909), right tumor existence (P = .793), and multifocality (P = .381). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that VIa central LN metastasis (OR: 4.490, P = .027) was independent risk factors of LN-prRLN metastasis in patients with PTC.

LN-prRLN metastasis is often indentified in patients with PTC. VIa central LN metastasis is an independent predictors of LN-prRLN metastasis, which allow for selective LN-prRLN dissection in patients with PTC.

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