A 61-year-old man presented with upper abdominal pain and jaundice. Abdominal computed tomography imaging revealed stones in the gallbladder and the common bile duct, with a thickening of the gallbladder wall and an obvious increase in the volume of the gallbladder. Initial treatment using endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography failed due to the presence of surgically altered gastrointestinal anatomy. Stones in the gallbladder and common bile duct were subsequently removed concurrently via percutaneous transhepatic papilla balloon dilatation combined with a percutaneous transcystic approach. Liver function recovered rapidly, with total bilirubin and direct bilirubin levels decreasing to normal, with a concomitant improvement in hemoglobin and thrombocyte levels and resolution of the upper abdominal pain and jaundice.Conclusion:
Percutaneous transhepatic papilla balloon dilatation, combined with a percutaneous transcystic approach, provided an effective alternative treatment for removing concurrent stones in the common bile duct and gallbladder in a patient with a previous Billroth II gastrectomy and presenting with an acute cholecystitis.