Nonincisional Conjoint Fascial Sheath Suspension: A Novel Technique for Minimally Invasive Blepharoptosis Correction

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Abstract

Background

Mild to moderate blepharoptosis, or ptosis, is relatively common among Asians, and it is not uncommon to offer ptosis correction at the time of double-eyelid surgery in this patient population. The traditional open approaches to ptosis correction are subject to scarring and prolonged recovery time, whereas the newer nonincisional approaches are marred by issues of incomplete correction or recurrence. This study describes a new nonincisional technique that overcomes the limitations of current methods by using conjoint fascial sheath (CFS) for suspension.

Methods

From January 2014 to April 2015, a retrospective review was conducted on 21 patients (41 eyelids) who underwent simultaneous nonincisional ptosis correction and double-eyelid surgery. All patients had either mild or moderate ptosis without excess skin hooding and excellent or good levator palpebrae function.

Results

Mild ptosis correction (1-loop CFS suspension) was performed in 25 eyelids, and moderate ptosis correction (2-loop CFS suspension) was performed in 16 eyelids. At 6 months of follow-up, 23 eyelids (56.1 %) improved to “normal” with overall improvement seen in 33 eyelids (80.0%). The mean marginal reflex distance 1 increased from 3.16 ± 0.61 mm preoperatively to 4.11 ± 0.61 mm postoperatively, which was statistically significant (P < 0.001).

Conclusions

Mild to moderate ptosis correction with nonincisional CFS suspension technique is a safe and effective method that combines the benefits of nonincisional procedure with longevity and precision seen in the traditional open approaches. The procedure is easy to perform with minimal recovery time and high patient satisfaction and can be combined with nonincisional double-eyelid surgery.

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