Anesthetic Considerations for Patients Undergoing Bronchial Thermoplasty

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Bronchial thermoplasty (BT) is a novel, Food and Drug Administration–approved nondrug treatment for patients whose asthma remains uncontrolled despite traditional pharmacotherapy. BT involves application of controlled radiofrequency energy to reduce airway smooth muscle in large- and medium-sized airways. Although BT is often performed under general anesthesia, anesthetic management strategies for BT are poorly described. We describe the anesthetic management of 7 patients who underwent 19 BT treatments in a tertiary academic medical center.

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