MiR-195 modulates oxidative stress-induced apoptosis and mitochondrial energy production in human trophoblasts via flavin adenine dinucleotide-dependent oxidoreductase domain-containing protein 1 and pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase regulatory subunit

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Abstract

Objective:

Preeclampsia is a severe pregnancy-specific syndrome defined as newly onset hypertension and proteinuria. Abnormal placental development has been generally accepted as the initial cause of the disorder. Recently, miR-195 was identified as one of the downregulated small RNAs in preeclamptic placentas.

Methods:

The potential targets of miR-195 in human trophoblast cells were screened by isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification-based mass spectrum analysis. Localization of miR-195 and its targets was examined by in-situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry in human placenta. Real-time PCR, western blotting and luciferase assay were used for target validation. Apoptosis was accessed by Annexin V/PI costaining, whereas mitochondrial function by ATP measurement and tetramethylrhodamine ethyl ester fluorescence.

Results:

Two mitochondria-associated proteins, flavin adenine dinucleotide-dependent oxidoreductase domain-containing protein 1 (FOXRED1) and pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase regulatory subunit (PDPR), were identified as targets of miR-195. Overexpression of miR-195 in HTR8/SVneo cells resulted in enhanced apoptosis, decreased mitochondrial membrane potential and cellular ATP content upon hydrogen peroxide stimulation. The effects could be partially rescued by FOXRED1 or PDPR. In preeclamptic patients, lowered circulating level of miR-195 were found at early-to-mid gestation and term pregnancy, and marked increase in FOXRED1 and PDPR expression were observed in the placenta when compared with gestational week-matched controls. In addition, chronic hydrogen peroxide stimuli suppressed miR-195 expression in trophoblast cells.

Conclusion:

MiR-195 could suppress mitochondrial energy production via targeting FOXRED1 and PDPR, and lead to trophoblast cell apoptosis under oxidative stress. In preeclamptic placenta, lowered level of miR-195 might be induced by chorionic oxidative stress and subsequently form a compensation mechanism to defend the disturbed energy production and cell apoptosis upon oxidative stress.

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