Refractory LCH With Secondary Intracranial PNET: A Case Report and Review of Literature

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The occurrence of second malignant neoplasms in patients with Langerhans cell histiocytosis is infrequent but has been reported. Here we report the case of a child with refractory Langerhans cell histiocytosis who was treated with cladribine and later developed a secondary intracranial primitive neuroectodermal tumor. The possible association of cladribine with second neoplasm is further discussed.

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