Vascularised fibular grafts for reconstruction of extremity bone defects after resection of bone and soft-tissue tumours: A SINGLE INSTITUTIONAL STUDY OF 49 PATIENTS

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Abstract

Aims

The aims of this study were to analyse the long-term outcome of vascularised fibular graft (VFG) reconstruction after tumour resection and to evaluate the usefulness of the method.

Patients and Methods

We retrospectively reviewed 49 patients who had undergone resection of a sarcoma and reconstruction using a VFG between 1988 and 2015. Their mean follow-up was 98 months (5 to 317). Reconstruction was with an osteochondral graft (n = 13), intercalary graft (n = 12), inlay graft (n = 4), or resection arthrodesis (n = 20). We analysed the oncological and functional outcome, and the rate of bony union and complications.

Results

Five- and ten-year overall survival rates were 89% and 86%, respectively. Local recurrence occurred in two patients. Eight patients developed pulmonary metastases. Bone union was achieved in 44 patients (90%). Fracture occurred in six patients (12%), infection in three (6%), and nonunion in five (10%). The mean Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) scores were as follows: osteochondral graft 70%; intercalary graft 73%; inlay graft 89%; and resection arthrodesis 83%.

Conclusion

Although associated with a relatively high rate of complications, each reconstruction method is useful, with a high rate of successful limb salvage and a good long-term functional outcome.

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