Hemodynamic Assessment of Patients With Septic Shock Using Transpulmonary Thermodilution and Critical Care Echocardiography: A Comparative Study

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Abstract

Background

To assess the agreement between transpulmonary thermodilution (TPT) and critical care echocardiography (CCE) in ventilated patients with septic shock.

Methods

Ventilated patients in sinus rhythm requiring advanced hemodynamic assessment for septic shock were included in this prospective multicenter descriptive study. Patients were assessed successively using TPT and CCE in random order. Data were interpreted independently at bedside by two investigators who proposed therapeutic changes on the basis of predefined algorithms. TPT and CCE hemodynamic assessments were reviewed offline by two independent experts who identified potential sources of discrepant results by consensus. Lactate clearance and outcome were studied.

Results

A total of 137 patients were studied (71 men; age, 61 ± 15 years; Simplified Acute Physiologic Score, 58 ± 18; Sequential Organ Failure Assessment, 10 ± 3). TPT and CCE interpretations at bedside were concordant in 87/132 patients (66%) without acute cor pulmonale (ACP), resulting in a moderate agreement (kappa, 0.48; 95% CI, 0.37-0.60). Experts’ adjudications were concordant in 100/129 patients without ACP (77.5%), resulting in a good intertechnique agreement (kappa, 0.66; 95% CI, 0.55-0.77). In addition to ACP (n = 8), CCE depicted a potential source of TPT inaccuracy in 8/29 patients (28%). Lactate clearance at H6 was similar irrespective of the concordance of online interpretations of TPT and CCE (55/84 [65%] vs 32/45 [71%], P = .55). ICU and day 28 mortality rates were similar between patients with concordant and discordant interpretations (29/87 [36%] vs 13/45 [29%], P = .60; and 31/87 [36%] vs 16/45 [36%], P = .99, respectively).

Conclusions

Agreement between TPT and CCE was moderate when interpreted at bedside and good when adjudicated offline by experts, but without impact on lactate clearance and mortality.

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