Deciphering transcriptome profile of the yellow catfish (Pelteobagrus fulvidraco) in response toEdwardsiella ictaluri

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Edwardsiella ictaluri is one of the most important pathogens posing a serious threat for yellow catfish (Pelteobagrus fulvidraco), a highly valuable fish species of increasing commercial interest in China. Here, a transcriptomic strategy was undertaken to investigate the yellow catfish gene expression profile against infection by the bacterial pathogen E. ictaluri. Comparison of the transcriptome profiles between the infected and uninfected samples showed that a massive gene expression change occurred in yellow catfish following bacterial exposure. A total of 5527 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were detected, of which 2265 showed up-regulation and 3262 down-regulation. Gene set enrichment analysis revealed the presence of canonical pathways directly linked to innate and adaptive immune response, such as pattern recognition receptor (PRR) signaling pathways, complement and coagulation cascades, as well as T-cell receptor (TCR) and B-cell receptor (BCR) signaling pathways. Additionally, 47,526 putative EST-liked simple sequence repeats (SSRs) markers were retrieved for use in genetic studies. This study establishes the first molecular clues to understand the potential mechanisms of yellow catfish resistance to E. ictaluri, thus enabling future efforts on disease control programs in this valuable aquaculture species.

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