Age does not adversely influence outcomes among patients older than 60 years who undergo allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant for AML and myelodysplastic syndrome

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Abstract

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (AHSCT) outcomes data of older AML/myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients are limited. We retrospectively evaluated consecutive patients ≥ 60 years old with AML/MDS who underwent AHSCT between January 2005 and December 2014. The primary objectives were to determine nonrelapse mortality (NRM), relapse, relapse-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) at 1 year post AHSCT. A total of 159 patients underwent AHSCT with a median age of 64 (range, 60-75) years. Of these, 103 patients (65%) had AML and 56 patients (35%) had MDS. At 1 year post AHSCT, grade III-IV acute GvHD and chronic GvHD occurred in 20.8% (95% confidence interval (CI), 14.9-27.5%) and 54.1% (95% CI, 46.0-61.5%) of patients, respectively. NRM, RFS, relapse rate and OS at 1 year post AHSCT were 25.3% (95% CI, 18.8-32.3%), 53.3% (95% CI, 46.1-61.7%), 21.4% (95% CI, 15.4-28.1%) and 56.4% (95% CI, 49.2-54.7%), respectively. High disease risk index was associated with poor RFS, OS and higher relapse rate (P < 0.03), whereas non-thymoglobulin-based GvHD prophylaxis, higher comorbidity index (≥ 3) and MDS were associated with higher NRM (P < 0.03). Importantly, age did not have an adverse effect on NRM, relapse, RFS and OS. AHSCT was well tolerated. Hence, older age alone should not be considered a contraindication to AHSCT.

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