Spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK), a non-receptor protein tyrosine kinase, is reported to be related to cell survival after A/H (anoxia/hypoglycemia) insult. However, the role of SYK in cardiocyte survival under A/H injury remains unclear. In this study, we aimed to gain insight into the role and molecular mechanism of SYK in cardiocytes exposed to A/H stress. The mRNA and protein expressions of SYK in H9c2 cardiocytes exposed to A/H injury, separately detected by real-time quantitative PCR and Western blot, were both robustly up-regulated. Then we overexpressed SYK in H9c2 with A/H injury, and found that cell viability was significantly increased and LDH leakage was decreased. Moreover, apoptosis measured by annexin V–fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium iodide and reactive oxygen species (ROS) identified by 2′, 7′-dichlorofluorescin diacetate were markedly inhibited in H9c2 with A/H injury following SYK overexpression. Furthermore, we observed that SYK could induce HO-1 expression by regulating the Akt phosphorylation level in H9c2 with A/H injury, protecting H9c2 from the injury induced by A/H treatment.