Lung field segmentation using weighted sparse shape composition with robust initialization

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Abstract

Purpose:

Lung field segmentation for chest radiography is critical to pulmonary disease diagnosis. In this paper, we propose a new deformable model using weighted sparse shape composition with robust initialization to achieve robust and accurate lung field segmentation.

Methods:

Our method consists of three steps: initialization, deformation and regularization. The steps of deformation and regularization are iteratively employed until convergence. First, since a deformable model is sensitive to the initial shape, a robust initialization is obtained by using a novel voting strategy, which allows the reliable patches on the image to vote for each landmark of the initial shape. Then, each point of the initial shape independently deforms to the lung boundary under the guidance of the appearance model, which can distinguish lung tissues from nonlung tissues near the boundary. Finally, the deformed shape is regularized by weighted sparse shape composition (SSC) model, which is constrained by both boundary information and the correlations between each point of the deformed shape.

Results:

Our method has been evaluated on 247 chest radiographs from well-known dataset Japanese Society of Radiological Technology (JSRT) and achieved high overlap scores (0.955 ± 0.021).

Conclusions:

The experimental results show that the proposed deformable segmentation model is more robust and accurate than the traditional appearance and shape model on the JSRT database. Our method also shows higher accuracy than most state-of-the-art methods.

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