Uncommon Localization of Extrarenal Xp11.2 Translocation-associated Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC): Case Report
The World Health Organization has recognized Xp11.2 translocation-associated renal cell carcinoma (RCC) as a distinct neoplasm that arises within the kidney. Although many reports of extrarenal carcinoma may be found in the literature, to the best of our knowledge, Xp11 translocation-associated RCC with intact kidneys has not been documented. This report describes a multilobulated right retroperitoneal soft tissue mass (7.9×5.3×12.6 cm) of a 37-year-old man complaining of abdominal pain in the right side. The patient underwent a computed tomography-guided biopsy. Microscopic evaluation reveals a tumor with papillary and sheaths architectures with cells revealing clear to eosinophilic cytoplasm. Immunohistochemical evaluation on the biopsy reveals that the tumor is positive for PAX-8, CD10, and TFE3. It is negative for CK7, EMA, Vimentin, RCC, CK8/18, D20, CD3, PLAP, OCT4, CD30, MART-1, Inhibin, S-100, HMB-45, Desmin, SMA, and DOG-1. The diagnosis was malignant epithelioid neoplasm and the diagnosis of translocation RCC was suggested. Excision was recommended. The patient underwent right radical nephrectomy with removal of this large mass. Pathologic examination showed a large cystic and solid, nonhomogenous mass with some necrotic areas, originating from the perirenal fat between the adrenal gland and the kidney. Microscopic features showed a tumor with papillary, rhabdoid, and clear cell features. Immunohistochemical stains showed that the tumor cells positively expressed AMACR, PAX-8, CD10, RCC, and TFE3, but were negative for cytokeratins, vimentin, HMB-45, desmin, SMA, EMA, and MSA. Cytogenetic studies confirmed the diagnosis of Xp11.2 translocation-associated RCC with positive TFE3 gene rearrangement. To the best of our knowledge, this type of extrarenal tumor has never been reported.