Use of Smoking Cessation Methods Among Patients Receiving Office-based Buprenorphine Maintenance Treatment

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Abstract

Objectives:

Provision of smoking-cessation treatment is limited in office-based buprenorphine maintenance treatment (BMT) settings. This study describes smoking and smoking-cessation behaviors among patients receiving office-based BMT.

Methods:

Cross-sectional study of patients receiving office-based BMT at a community health center in the Bronx, NY. We interviewed patients assessing sociodemographic, and substance use and tobacco use characteristics, including methods used for smoking cessation. We reported simple frequencies and explored associations of BMT characteristics with smoking behaviors.

Results:

Of 68 patients, 87.7% were current cigarette smokers, 7.9% were former smokers, and 4.4% had never smoked. Of lifetime smokers, 83.1% reported at least 1 prior quit attempt, and 78.5% had used medication (75.4% used nicotine replacement therapy, 29.2% varenicline, and 9.2% bupropion). Ten patients (15.4%) reported using electronic cigarettes to try to quit smoking. Stopping “cold turkey” (40.0%) and gradually decreasing the number of cigarettes smoked (32.3%) were nonpharmacological methods of quitting tried most often. Use of behavioral support, including stop-smoking programs and counseling, was low. Higher dose and longer duration of BMT was associated with greater smoking frequency.

Conclusions:

Patients receiving BMT have a high prevalence of cigarette smoking, though most have tried to quit, and have prior experience with pharmacotherapy for smoking cessation. Efforts to optimize smoking-cessation treatments among BMT patients are needed.

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