The application of high-field magnetic resonance perfusion imaging in the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer
Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in the world. It is a disease of insidious progression and high lethality. The present study was to investigate the diagnostic value of high-filed magnetic resonance (MR) perfusion imaging in pancreatic cancer. Thirty-three patients with suspected pancreatic cancer were recruited in our study and underwent routine MR imaging. When compared with para-tumoral and normal tissue, the pancreatic lesions showed significant lower slope, peak enhancement (PE), and signal enhancement ratio (SER) as well as higher time to peak (TTP). Para-tumoral tissue was found to have significantly lower slope and PE, slightly higher TTP than normal tissue. MR perfusion imaging displays hemodynamic alterations in both pancreatic cancer and surrounding pancreatic tissue, and provides indirect assessment of tumor vascularity. In conclusion, high field MR perfusion imaging has important clinical significance in early diagnosis of pancreatic cancer.