High-Dose Subcutaneous Immunoglobulin in Patients With Multifocal Motor Neuropathy: A Nursing Perspective
Multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN), an immune neuromuscular condition causing progressive weakness, usually responds to immune-mediated treatments, including intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG). Fifteen patients with MMN receiving IVIG were enrolled in an open-label, single-center trial and switched to 20% subcutaneous immunoglobulin (SCIG) using a smooth transition protocol (ie, changing the therapy without interruption or impact on the intended outcome of the therapy). Patients received individualized training and support based on motivation and ability to learn, follow directions, and maintain compliance. Although some patients required assistance during the training phase, most managed self-infusion and reported satisfaction in managing therapy autonomously. Educating patients with neuropathies to self-infuse high-dose SCIG at home and with flexibility in dosing schedules was successfully demonstrated in this patient group.