Successful Placement of a BAHA Implant in a Patient With Epidermolysis Bullosa: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

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Abstract

Introduction:

Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a spectrum of mechanobullous disorders characterized by blistering following minor trauma or traction to the skin. Hearing loss in this population is poorly described in the otolaryngology literature, and its treatment oftentimes results in external auditory canal skin irritation.

Case Presentation:

We present the case of a 26-year-old female with EB and mixed hearing loss unable to wear conventional hearing aids due to sequelae of the external auditory canals. An osseointegrated implant was used as other hearing aids were deemed to be too destructive of the external auditory canal skin.

Management and Outcome:

Our patient underwent placement of a right bone-anchored hearing aid with minimal disruption of the surrounding skin using a minimally invasive punch technique. Over 1 year of follow-up, her course was complicated by 1 simple cellulitic infection at the surgical site treated successfully with oral antibiotics.

Discussion:

The literature regarding the otolaryngologic manifestations of EB is sparse. The otologic sequelae are particularly overlooked in the workup and management. Based on the results of this case study, it appears that an osseointegrated implant can be safely utilized to treat significant mixed or conductive hearing loss in patients with EB.

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