Diagnosis, comorbidity, and psychosocial impact of atopic dermatitis
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease, with a remitting relapsing course. The central diagnostic features of AD include pruritus, xerosis, eczematous lesions with a characteristic morphology and distribution, and a personal or family history of atopic disease. Several clinical studies have emphasized the link between AD and other atopic disorders including asthma, allergic rhinitis, and food allergies. More recent studies indicate possible links between AD and other nonatopic disorders, including ADHD, sleep disturbance, and mental health disorders, suggesting an even more profound impact of this disease. Furthermore, the social, emotional, and personal impact of AD for patients and their caregivers is substantial. Understanding both the clinical characteristics and implications of AD is critical to lessening the psychosocial, clinical, and economic burden of this disease.