Optimal Aging: A Neuman Systems Model Perspective
The purpose of this paper is to describe aspects of optimal aging from the perspective of the Neuman systems model. An overview of the model is presented followed by a discussion of usual stressors encountered as people age and their common responses to these stressors. The position taken is that optimal aging for an individual is not necessarily equated with high-level wellness but rather is the best possible aging for that individual. A Neuman systems model practice methodology tool is used to illustrate how to apply the model to determine the optimal level of aging for individuals with and without chronic illnesses.