A-101, a Proprietary Topical Formulation of High-Concentration Hydrogen Peroxide Solution: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Vehicle-Controlled, Parallel Group Study of the Dose–Response Profile in Subjects With Seborrheic Keratosis of the Face
Seborrheic keratosis (SK) is a common benign skin tumor, yet no topical treatments are approved in the United States.OBJECTIVE
To evaluate the proprietary, stabilized, high-concentration hydrogen peroxide–based topical solution A-101 (32.5% and 40% concentrations) for treatment of facial SK lesions.MATERIALS AND METHODS
In this multicenter, double-blind, vehicle-controlled study, eligible subjects were randomly assigned to receive up to 2 treatments of A-101 40%, A-101 32.5%, or vehicle solution applied to a single facial SK lesion. The primary efficacy assessment was the Physician's Lesion Assessment (PLA), a validated 4-ordinal scale.RESULTS
The primary end point, the mean reduction in PLA grade from baseline to Day 106 was 1.7 for A-101 40%, 1.4 for A-101 32.5%, and 0.1 for vehicle (p < .001, both concentrations vs vehicle). Lesions for 68%, 62%, and 5% of subjects, respectively, were judged to be clear or near clear (p < .001, both concentrations vs vehicle). Local skin reactions were predominantly mild and transient. No subjects discontinued because of treatment-related adverse events.CONCLUSION
A-101 solution demonstrated efficacy in treating SKs on the face. Greater magnitude of effect was seen with the 40% concentration than the 32.5% concentration. A-101 solution had a favorable safety and tolerability profile at both concentrations.