Topical Mitomycin C Application Is Effective Even in Esophageal Strictures Resistant to Dilatation Therapy in Children

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Abstract

Purpose:

Several treatment techniques may be used in the treatment of esophageal strictures. The purpose of this study was to present the effects of topical mitomycin C (TMC) as an useful adjunct to dilatation therapy in esophageal strictures.

Materials and Methods:

A retrospective analysis of patients who underwent TMC between February 2015 and July 2016 was performed. Dysphagia score, periodic dilatation index, and number of dilatations were compared before and after intervention to investigate the efficacy of TMC.

Results:

TMC was performed on 20 patients with a median age of 3.5 years (2 to 17 y). The diagnosis was corrosive esophageal strictures in 14 patients, anastomotic strictures in 5 patients, and congenital esophageal stricture in 1 patient. The length of the stricture was long in 10 patients (50%). The median dysphagia score decreased from 2 (1 to 3) to 0 (0 to 2) after application (P<0.001). The median number of dilatation sessions decreased from 5 (1 to 41) to 1 (0 to 11) after intervention (P<0.001). The median periodic dilatation index decreased from 1 (0.66 to 1.34) to 0 (0 to 1.33) after TMC (P<0.001). Regular esophageal dilatation was not necessary in 16 patients after application (80%). The length of the stricture did not affect the efficacy of TMC. The success of treatment was lower in patients with a long treatment period before TMC (>3 y) (50%). No complications were seen in a median follow-up period of 16 months (7 to 22 mo).

Conclusions:

TMC application has a significant positive effect as an adjunct to dilatation therapy in most of the patients with different types of esophageal strictures. It should be performed as a safe and efficient treatment option even in patients who were resistant to dilatation therapy.

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