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Recently, we showed that murine dorsal root ganglion (DRG) Car8 expression is a cis-regulated eQTL that determines analgesic responses. In this report, we show that transduction through sciatic nerve injection of DRG with human wild-type carbonic anhydrase-8 using adeno-associated virus viral particles (AAV8-V5-CA8WT) produces analgesia in naive male C57BL/6J mice and antihyperalgesia after carrageenan treatment. A peak mean increase of about 4 s in thermal hindpaw withdrawal latency equaled increases in thermal withdrawal latency produced by 10 mg/kg intraperitoneal morphine in these mice. Allometric conversion of this intraperitoneal morphine dose in mice equals an oral morphine dose of about 146 mg in a 60-kg adult. Our work quantifies for the first time analgesia and antihyperalgesia in an inflammatory pain model after DRG transduction by CA8 gene therapy.