Lymph Node Metastasis in the Prognosis of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
This study aimed to determine the prognostic use of the extent of lymph node (LN) involvement in patients with gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs) by analyzing population-based data.Methods
Patients in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registry were identified with histologically confirmed, surgically resected GEP-NETs. We divided patients into 3 lymph node ratio (LNR) groups based on the ratio of positive LNs to total LNs examined: 0.2 or less, greater than 0.2 to 0.5, and greater than 0.5. Disease-specific survival was compared according to LNR group.Results
We identified 3133 patients with surgically resected GEP-NETs. Primary sites included the stomach (11% of the total), pancreas (30%), colon (32%), appendix (20%), and rectum (7%). Survival was worse in patients with LNRs of 0.2 or less (hazard ratio [HR], 1.5; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.2–2.0), greater than 0.2 to 0.5 (HR, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.6–2.5), and greater than 0.5 (HR, 3.1; 95% CI, 2.5–3.9) compared with N0 patients. Ten-year disease-specific survival decreased as LNR increased from N0 (81%) to 0.2 or less (69%), greater than 0.2 to 0.5 (55%), and greater than 0.5 (50%). Results were consistent for patients with both low- and high-grade tumors from most primary sites.Conclusions
Degree of LN involvement is a prognostic factor at the most common GEP-NET sites. Higher LNR is associated with decreased survival.