A Simple Flap Design for the Salvage of Immediate Implant-Based Breast Reconstruction

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Abstract

Background

Breast reconstruction with implants is a real challenge in patients with large breast volume. Skin-reducing inverted-T mastectomy is the best solution for these patients. Delayed wound healing or necrosis at the T-junction area can be seen in this procedure, although it may also lead to severe conditions such as the exposure and loss of implant. In this article, the use of local pedicled flap for the management of these situations was discussed.

Methods

Between April 2010 and July 2015, 54 patients underwent breast reconstruction by inverted-T skin-reducing mastectomy and immediate implant-based breast reconstruction at our clinic. During the postoperative follow-up period, necrosis at the T-junction area was observed in 8 patients. All the patients received proper wound care, and the necrosis was surgically debrided. The defect was closed with Limberg-like rectangular flap.

Results

The mean age was 45.2 (range, 33–54) years. The mean body mass index was 25.57 ± 6.53 (range, 21.2–35.2) kg/m2. The mean follow-up was 10.9 (range, 4–19) months. Two patients had implant exposure at the defect site after the debridement. There was no implant loss in any of the patients.

Conclusions

The Limberg-like rectangular flap can be used as a salvage option in complicated skin-reducing mastectomies and can be considered as a safe and effective method because of its easy-to-use nature, low cost, and no need for microsurgery experience.

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