Multiplate and TEG platelet mapping in a population of severely injured trauma patients

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Abstract

Objectives:

The objectives of this study were to compare thromboelastography platelet mapping (TEG PM) with impedance aggregometry (Multiplate, MP) in a single trauma population and relate their results clinically.

Background:

Platelet function as measured by thromboelastography and impedance aggregometry demonstrates significant reductions that persist for days following traumatic injury. However, no study compares these devices and the correlation between them is not known.

Methods:

In level 1 trauma patients, TEG PM and MP were conducted at their initial presentation to the emergency department. Within-device repeatability and between-device association were determined using correlation analyses. Demographic variables, Injury Severity Score, blood product transfusion, laboratory test results and mortality rate were recorded.

Results:

Ninety-two patients were enrolled. Within-device repeatability was high for TEG PM and MP for arachidonic acid (AA) and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) activation pathways. When comparing TEG PM with MP, results correlated poorly in the ADP pathway (Spearman's rho = 0·11, P = 0·44) and moderately in the AA pathway (Spearman's rho = 0·56, P < 0·0001). TEG PM was predictive of blood product transfusion and correlated with increased base deficit, whereas MP was only predictive of mortality.

Conclusions:

Intra-device variability was low for TEG PM and MP, but the two point-of-care devices measuring platelet function correlate poorly with each other in injured trauma patients. Each device also had different clinical associations.

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