Intrabronchial Catheter Resuscitation for Respiratory and Cardiorespiratory Arrest
We sought to determine whether intrabronchial oxygenation would provide adequate gas exchange during both anesthesia induced apneic and cardiopulmonary arrest and cardiac massage (CPR).Methods:
Ten pigs underwent general anesthesia with mechanical ventilation. Blood gases were measured in each animal at 4 min intervals for up to 28 min. An intrabronchial catheter (4 L/min O2) was inserted through an endotracheal tube after respirator cessation. Group A animals (6) were resuscitated with the catheter but without CPR. Group B animals (4) were rendered apneic and cardioplegic and resuscitated by CPR for 28 min using the intrabronchial device.Results:
All group A animals were resuscitated and survived after 24 min of apnea. Mean pO2 decreased from 378 mmHg (95% confidence interval [CI], 288–468) to 292 mmHg (95% CI, 246–339), P = 0.009; pCO2 increased from 52 mmHg (95% CI, 43–61) to 137 mmHg (95% CI, 116–158), P < 0.0001; and pH decreased from 7.32 (7.29–7.36) to 6.98 (6.92–7.03), P < 0.0001. In a control animal bronchial catheter oxygen flow ceased at baseline and pO2 decreased from 268 to 30 mmHg by 20 min. In group B animals mean pO2 decreased from 426 mmHg (95% CI, 273–579) to 130 mmHg (95% CI, 92–168) after 28 min, P < 0.0001; pCO2 increased from 49 mmHg (95% CI, 41–58) to 73 mmHg (95% CI, 61–86), P = 0.03; and pH decreased from 7.34 (7.33–7.35) to 7.07 (6.98–7.16), P < 0.0001. In the control receiving intratracheal oxygen pO2 decreased from 324 to 88 mmHg after 16 minu of CPR.Conclusions:
Intrabronchial oxygenation provides sustained hyperoxemia during complete apnea and cardiac arrest with CPR.