The success of modern pediatric surgery (PS) management has led to the recommendation of regional organization and coordination of PS departments. Although small units may obtain excellent results, there is evidence that a concentration to larger units is advantageous. In France, the centralization of PS has been discussed for the past 15 years. A new organization was finally achieved in 2010. The intent was to assure children prompt access to the level of care appropriate to the degree of their pathologies to improve the outcomes and reduce morbidity and mortality.Methods
One of the first pertinent governmental measures was an attempt to centralize the PS departments and encourage the development of connection between specialized PS care and routine PS unit. In this review, we report this coordination through the analysis inside two regional French areas.Results
Paris is the first example that illustrates the network between four specialized PS departments and eight local hospitals. The aim of this connection was to improve the safety and quality of pediatric surgical management during the night for emergency issues and in the case of neonatology. The second example is the network that coexists in the west part of France through monthly video conferencing sessions and subspecialization (pediatric urology, pediatric oncology, and pediatric liver surgery). Moreover, a national program aimed at improving the management of patients with rare diseases since 2005. For instance, biliary atresia and anorectal malformation centers are located in two academic centers in Paris and the esophageal atresia center is in Lille. These expert centers allowed performing numerous studies along with international publications, thereby offering a better vision of the natural story of diseases to improve care. Finally, this network is emphasized during medical education from PS residency to the fellowship when trainees have to spend at least 1 year in a local hospital.Conclusion
The European legislation calls for multidisciplinary centers treating children with rare diseases and proposes clear and demanding quality criteria. The French experience illustrates some interesting and encouraging aspects of the current trends in PS care. Our results strongly suggest that centralization, specialization, and connections between specialized and routine PS departments can greatly improve management of and outcomes in children treated in our units.