Molecular characterization of polymeric immunoglobulin receptor and expression response toAeromonas hydrophilachallenge inCarassius auratus
The polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR) plays a pivotal role in mucosal immune response by transporting polymeric immunoglobulins onto the surface of mucosal epithelia to protect animals from invading pathogens. In this study, the full-length cDNA of pIgR was firstly cloned in Qihe crucian carp (Carassius auratus), hereafter designated as CapIgR, by using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and rapid amplification of cDNA ends. The molecular characterization and expression of CapIgR were investigated. The full-length cDNA sequence of CapIgR was composed of 1409 bp, which included a 112 bp 5′-untranslated region (UTR), a 984 bp ORF, and a 313 bp 3′-UTR, with a putative polyadenylation signal sequence AATAAA located upstream of the poly(A) tail. The deduced amino acid sequence indicated that CapIgR was a single-spanning transmembrane protein with 327 amino acids and possessed a signal peptide, an extracellular region containing two immunoglobulin-like domains, a transmembrane region, and an intracellular region. The mRNA expression levels of CapIgR were detected in different tissues of healthy C. auratus by quantitative real-time PCR, and the highest expression level was found in the liver. After Aeromonas hydrophila challenge, CapIgR expression was upregulated in different tissues at certain time points, and temporal expression changes of CapIgR fluctuated in a time-dependent manner. CapIgR exhibited rapid immune response to A. hydrophila challenge and played an important role in the immune defense of fish. These findings provided insights into the structure, function, and immune defense mechanism of CapIgR in C. auratus. This study can serve as a basis for developing disease control strategies in aquaculture.