Anti-IgE and Anti-IL5 Biologic Therapy in the Treatment of Nasal Polyposis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

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Abstract

Objective:

To determine the role of biologic therapy on sinonasal symptoms and objective outcomes in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP).

Methods:

PubMed, OVID MEDLINE, and Cochrane Central were reviewed from 2000 to 2015. Inclusion criteria included English-language studies containing original data on biologic therapy in CRSwNP patients with reported outcome measures. Two investigators independently reviewed all manuscripts and performed quality assessment and quantitative meta-analysis using validated tools.

Results:

Of 495 abstracts identified, 7 studies fulfilled eligibility: 4 randomized control trials (RCT), 1 case-control, and 2 case series. Outcome measures included nasal polyp score (NPS,6), computer tomography score (5), and symptom scores (5). Meta-analysis was performed on 5 studies: Anti-IL5 therapy (mepolizumab/reslizumab) and anti-IgE therapy (omalizumab) demonstrated a standard mean difference of NPS improvement of −0.66 (95% CI, −1.24 to −0.08) and −0.75 (95% CI, −1.93 to 0.44), respectively, between biologic therapy and placebo. Quality assessment indicated a low to moderate risk of bias for the RCTs.

Conclusion:

Biologic therapies may prove beneficial in the treatment of recalcitrant nasal polyposis in select populations. In meta-analysis, anti-IL5 therapy demonstrates a reduction in nasal polyp score. Anti-IgE therapy reduces nasal polyp score in patients with severe comorbid asthma. Additional high-level evidence is needed to assess clinical efficacy.

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