Effects of Surgical Anatomical Correction of Pelvic Anterior Compartment Defect on Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
To evaluate the effects of surgical anatomical correction on lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in patients with a pelvic anterior compartment defect (PACD).Methods
This prospective study was carried out on 30 women who had stage II-IV PACD. The women were questioned regarding LUTS symptoms such as urgency, urge incontinence, frequency, hesitancy, abnormal emptying, nocturia and dysuria pre and postoperatively. After a 7-month follow up, the comparison of LUTS symptoms with respect to their healing, existence or de novo appearance was performed using the McNemar and Bowner and Wilcoxon signed-rank tests.Results
For the repair of ACD, 15, 8 and 7 women were operated on using site-specific surgery, transvaginal mesh placement and anterior colporrhaphy, respectively. Surgery has significantly improved the LUTS: urgency (100 vs 26.7%, urge incontinence (70 vs 16.7%), frequency (76.7 vs 13.3%), abnormal emptying (56.7 vs 10%), hesitancy (30 vs 6.7%), nocturia (83.3 vs 60%) and dysuria (30 vs 6.7%). The differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05).Conclusions
The correctional surgery on anterior compartment defects not only maintains the anatomy but also significantly heals the LUTS.