Impact of Septoplasty on Eustachian Tube Functions
To evaluate the impact of nasal septum deviation (NSD) and septoplasty on eustachian tube (ET) functions.Material and Methods:
The study was designed as a prospective controlled study and conducted in a tertiary referral center. A study group of 25 patients who were scheduled for septoplasty for NSD; and a control group of 25 healthy individuals having no ear or nose symptoms were formed. Tympanometric analysis of ET function, subjective and objective analysis of nasal functions with acoustic rhinometry and rhinomanometry were performed. Patients in study group underwent nasal surgery and tests were repeated at postoperative 1st and 3rd months.Results:
Eustachian tube functions of study group were significantly worse than the control group (P = 0.032). ET functions were found to be poorer as the nasal airway resistances increase which was found to be close to significance (P = 0.056). One and 3 months after corrective surgery, both nasal airway functions and ET functions improved significantly reaching to the level of control group.Conclusions:
Nasal septum deviation was associated with higher rates of ET dysfunction, which could be improved by the nasal surgery. However, in some patients, nasal surgery itself caused ET dysfunction in the early postoperative period.