Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser Syndrome With Bilateral Ovarian Sertoli Cell Tumors: Review of the Literature and Report of a Rare Case

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Abstract

Background

Patients with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome are infertile secondary to hypoplasia or complete agenesis of the uterus, yet they remain at risk of primary neoplasms of the ovaries because embryologically the uterus and ovaries develop via separate mechanisms.

Case

A 72-year-old nulliparous woman with a history of primary amenorrhea underwent an exploratory laparotomy for a suspected uterine fibroid. In addition to the pelvic mass, the patient was found to have findings consistent with MRKH syndrome. Postoperative pathological examination demonstrated bilateral ovarian Sertoli cell tumors.

Conclusions

The case presented is unique in that 2 rare pathologies, bilateral Sertoli cell tumors of the ovary and MRKH syndrome, developed concomitantly in the same patient.

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