RESOLUTION OF TREATMENT-RESISTANT SUBRETINAL FLUID IN A PATIENT WITH EXUDATIVE AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION FOLLOWING ENDOPHTHALMITIS

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Abstract

Purpose:

This is the first report to the best of the authors' knowledge to show resolution of subretinal fluid and treatment requirement in a case of exudative age-related macular degeneration (eAMD) with persistent fluid despite treatment that resolved following an episode of culture-positive bacterial endophthalmitis.

Methods:

A 73-year-old man with history of eAMD of the right eye presented with acute postinjection bacterial endophthalmitis 3 days after injection. He had a history of only partially treatment-responsive eAMD that had been treated over a period of 8 years.

Results:

After tap-and-inject treatment of endophthalmitis with ceftazidime, vancomycin, and dexamethasone, the patient returned for follow-up with visual improvement and resolution of the subretinal fluid. The previously treatment-resistant eAMD remains quiescent without further treatment after 10 months of follow-up.

Conclusion:

It is possible that some aspect of the infection, inflammation, or treatment of endophthalmitis had a disease-modifying impact on the eAMD. Further research into the components of endophthalmitis and its treatment may result in the discovery of new treatment approaches or treatment targets.

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