Levels of beta-trace protein in optic disc pit with macular detachment

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Abstract

Background

To report beta-trace protein (βTP) levels in the subretinal fluid (SRF) of four patients with a macular detachment associated with optic disc pit (ODP).

Methods

Four patients with a serous retinal detachment involving the macula was operated by pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with C2F6 gas tamponade and peeling of internal limiting membrane (ILM). Patients with a follow-up period exceeding one year postoperatively were included in the study. The SRF was drained using a fine cannula without laser photocoagulation, and the samples were analysed using particle-enhancing nephelometry. The levels of βTP were compared to 20 routine cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples.

Results

In four of the five samples from SRF had relatively low βTP levels, with a mean concentration of 6.6 mg/l (range 2.0 to 23.1 mg/l) compared to 16.0 mg/l (range 6.3–26.8 mg/l) in CSF. The only SRF sample within the range corresponding to normal CSF was the first sample from patient 4, and the analysis of the renewed aspirate during the second operation was 2.8 mg/l. Postoperatively, the regression of SRF was slow, but regression of SRF in the foveal region took place in all cases; however, visual acuity (VA) was improved in only half of the patients.

Conclusion

The results from the analysed SRF regarding βTP concentration in these patients indicate that the SRF in ODP is not identical to CSF, as the concentrations of βTP differ.

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