Changes in Basic Movement Ability and Activities of Daily Living After Hip Fractures: Correlation Between Basic Movement Scale and Motor-Functional Independence Measure Scores

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Abstract

Objective

The aim of this study was to examine the correlation between basic movement ability and activities of daily living (ADL) in elderly patients after hip fracture surgery and predict ADL outcomes from changes in basic movement ability.

Design

Fifty-four patients receiving rehabilitation after hip fracture surgery were collected prospectively. Ambulatory ability was evaluated using a Basic Movement Scale (BMS), and ADL was evaluated using the motor subscale of the Functional Independence Measure (motor-FIM). From the results of evaluating BMS and motor-FIM weekly, the important postoperative period to regain ADL was investigated.

Results

There was a close correlation between BMS and motor-FIM scores at each evaluation point (r = 0.971, P < 0.001) and a significant correlation between weekly BMS and motor-FIM gains (r = 0.741, P < 0.001). Cluster analysis of BMS scores from postoperative week (POW) 2 to 12 showed three patterns of change, with BMS scores at POW 2 reflecting the outcome.

Conclusions

The very strong correlation between BMS and motor-FIM scores suggests that BMS is a favorable indicator of changes in ADL. Because basic movement ability at POW 2 also reflected the prognosis, constructive interventions should be implemented early to help patients ambulate and regain other basic movements by no later than POW 2.

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