Risk of Sharps Injuries to Home Care Nurses and Aides: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

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Abstract

Objective:

To evaluate all available literature and develop a pooled estimate of the risk of sharps injuries (SI) among home care (HC) nurses and aides.

Methods:

A systematic literature search was conducted and relevant articles were reviewed following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Primary outcome data from studies identified by the systematic review were pooled using a random effects model to calculate a summary measure of SI risk for nurses and for aides.

Results:

Five articles were included in the final analysis. Nurses had a 5.25% weighted average risk of experiencing at least one SI in the past year while working in HC (95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.11% to 7.40%); aides pooled SI risk was 1.74% (95% CI: 0.72% to 2.77%).

Conclusions:

Combining findings of all available studies demonstrates that there is a serious risk of SI among both the HC nurses and aides.

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