Our aim was to evaluate the population-based outcomes of stages I and II invasive ovarian mucinous carcinomas (MCs) treated with adjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy and abdominopelvic radiotherapy (XRT).Methods
International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage I/II MC cases referred to the British Columbia Cancer Agency between 1984 and 2014 were reviewed. Chemotherapy (minimum of 3 cycles) and XRT were the institutional policy for stages IA/B (grade 2/3) and IC/II (any grade). Physician patterns of practice determined XRT use in eligible patients, allowing for the comparison of outcomes based on receipt of XRT treatment on disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS).Results
We identified 129 patients. Univariate analyses on substages IA, IC no rupture, IC with intraoperative rupture, and IC with preoperative rupture demonstrated 10-year DFS rates of 67%, 67%, 67%, and 27% (P = 0.004), respectively, and OS rates of 72%, 72%, 67%, and 38% (P = 0.01), respectively. For all patients, adjuvant XRT demonstrated improved 10-year DFS (78% vs 36%, P = 0.05) and OS (83% vs 36%, P = 0.02). Subgroup analysis did not detect a benefit of adjuvant therapy for stage IA grade 1/2. Multivariate analysis confirmed the benefit of XRT on DFS (hazard ratio, 0.14; 95% confidence interval, 0.02–0.98; P = 0.047) and a trend to improved OS (hazard ratio, 0.12; 95% confidence interval, 0.009–1.64; P = 0.11), whereas decision tree analysis demonstrated a reduced rate of relapse (33% vs 77%) and death (20% vs 46%) with the use of XRT, exclusive of patients with preoperative rupture.Conclusions
This population-based retrospective study is the first to demonstrate that the use of adjuvant abdominopelvic XRT after chemotherapy can improve survival in patients diagnosed as having stage I/II MC. Patients with stage IA grade 1 and grade 2 MC can have adjuvant therapy omitted.