A female patient with hypokalaemia-induced J wave syndrome: An unusual case report

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Abstract

Rationale:

Prominent J waves can be seen in life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias such as Brugada syndrome, early repolarization syndrome, and ventricular fibrillation. We herein present an unusual case report of hypokalemia-induced J wave syndrome and ST (a part of ECG) segment elevation.

Patients concerns:

A 52-year-old woman with chief complaints of chest pain for 2 hours and diarrhea showed a marked hypokalemia (2.8 mmol/L) and slightly elevated creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) (57.5 U/L). The electrocardiographic (ECG) recording was normal upon admission and computed tomography (CT) aorta angiography excluded an aorta dissection. ECG done 17 hours after admission showed ST segment elevation and elevated J wave in leads II, III and aVF, and fusion of T and U wave in all leads.

Diagnosis:

We first thought that the diagnosis of this patient was acute myocardial syndrome.

Intervention:

Potassium chloride and oflocaxin treatment was given to the patient.

Outcomes:

Laboratory test showed the level of serum potassium ion increased to 3.4 mmol/L and CK-MB did not have any significant change. The infusion of potassium chloride-induced disappearance of the elevated J wave, although QT (a part of ECG) intervals were still longer than that upon admission.

Lessons:

This case tells us that hypokalaemia might induce J wave and elevated ST segments which should be distinguished from acute myocardial syndrome.

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