A female patient with hypokalaemia-induced J wave syndrome: An unusual case report

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Prominent J waves can be seen in life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias such as Brugada syndrome, early repolarization syndrome, and ventricular fibrillation. We herein present an unusual case report of hypokalemia-induced J wave syndrome and ST (a part of ECG) segment elevation.

Patients concerns:

A 52-year-old woman with chief complaints of chest pain for 2 hours and diarrhea showed a marked hypokalemia (2.8 mmol/L) and slightly elevated creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) (57.5 U/L). The electrocardiographic (ECG) recording was normal upon admission and computed tomography (CT) aorta angiography excluded an aorta dissection. ECG done 17 hours after admission showed ST segment elevation and elevated J wave in leads II, III and aVF, and fusion of T and U wave in all leads.


We first thought that the diagnosis of this patient was acute myocardial syndrome.


Potassium chloride and oflocaxin treatment was given to the patient.


Laboratory test showed the level of serum potassium ion increased to 3.4 mmol/L and CK-MB did not have any significant change. The infusion of potassium chloride-induced disappearance of the elevated J wave, although QT (a part of ECG) intervals were still longer than that upon admission.


This case tells us that hypokalaemia might induce J wave and elevated ST segments which should be distinguished from acute myocardial syndrome.

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