The role of ultrasonography in examination of the stability of Tile-B2 pelvic fractures: 7 case reports and a literature review

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Abstract

Background:

Determining whether a Tile-B2 pelvic fracture is stable is very challenging. We sought to identify the role of ultrasonography in determining the stability of Tile-B2 pelvic fractures.

Methods:

We collected the clinical data of patients with Tile-B2 pelvic fractures who presented at Xi’an Hong-Hui Hospital between June 1, 2016, and August 5, 2016. The treatment strategy of each patient was determined by a team of senior surgeons in the department. A single sinologist observed the movement of the fracture sites in patients during rest, under compression, and during separation to determine fracture stability. According to the pelvic fracture stability assessment, an appropriate treatment strategy was redetermined. Overall, 7 patients, including 5 women and 2 men, with Tile-B2 pelvic fractures were included in this case series.

Results:

During the initial examination, senior surgeons recommended that 2 patients should undergo internal fixation and 4 patients, conservative treatment; treatment was undecided for 1 patient. After ultrasonography examination, 4 patients underwent surgery via the Stoppa (n = 2) or ilioinguinal approach (n = 1) or cannulated screw fixation (n = 1). The rest of the patients (n = 3) received conventional treatment. Follow-up ranged from 6 to 10 months. Most of the patients showed excellent functions based on their last Majeed grading scores. There were no complications during the follow-up. Using ultrasonography examination, the preoperative treatment plan in 1 patient was changed, and the uncertain preoperative plan in 1 patient was identified.

Conclusion:

Preoperative assessment of stability using ultrasonography may assist surgeons in making appropriate treatment choices for patients with Tile-B2 pelvic fractures.

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