Influence of Iliac Stenotic Lesions on Blood Flow Patterns Near a Covered Endovascular Reconstruction of the Aortic Bifurcation (CERAB) Stent Configuration

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Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the effect of distal stenotic lesions on flow patterns near a covered endovascular reconstruction of the aortic bifurcation (CERAB) configuration used in the treatment of aortoiliac occlusive disease. Method: Laser particle image velocimetry measurements were performed using in vitro models of the aortic bifurcation with and without a CERAB configuration in place. A hemodynamically nonsignificant stenosis (ΔP: 9 mm Hg), a hemodynamically significant (ΔP: 26 mm Hg) stenosis, and a total occlusion were simulated in the left iliac arteries. Velocity fields and time-averaged wall shear stress (TAWSS) were calculated. Results: Hemodynamically significant distal lesions did not influence the inflow patterns or TAWSS (0.5–0.6 Pa) in either model. However, hemodynamically significant distal stenotic lesions caused a 2-fold decrease in peak outflow velocities (control: 106 vs 56 cm/s, CERAB: 96 vs 54 cm/s) and a 3-fold decrease in TAWSS (control: 1.34 vs 0.44 Pa, CERAB: 0.75 vs 0.21 Pa). There was a 2-fold decrease in wall shear stress in the CERAB outflow compared with the control, independent of lesion severity. Conclusion: In the CERAB technique, adequate distal runoff is identified as an important parameter to ensure patency. This in vitro study showed that distal stenotic lesions influence aortic bifurcation outflow patterns and TAWSS more extensively in the CERAB configuration. Distal stenotic lesions could therefore increase the risk of disease progression and loss of stent patency. In vivo studies are necessary to confirm these observations.

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