High-Pitch Coronary Computed Tomographic Angiography Using the Third-Generation Dual-Source Computed Tomography: Initial Experience in Patients With High Heart Rate

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Objective

This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility, image quality, and radiation dose of prospectively high-pitch coronary computed tomographic (CT) angiography in patients with high heart rates (HRs) using the third-generation dual-source CT.

Methods

One hundred consecutive patients with sinus rhythm and HR between 70 and 100 beats per minute were enrolled into this study. All patients were divided into 2 groups. Patients in group A (n = 46) were examined with prospectively high-pitch scan mode in which image acquisition was triggered at 30% of the R-R interval. Patients in group B (n = 54) were scanned with prospectively sequential mode, and the acquisition window was set at 30% to 50% of the R-R interval. Objective and subjective evaluations were performed. Diagnostic ratios and radiation dose were compared between the 2 groups.

Results

No statistical differences were found in objective parameters and subjective assessment of image quality between the 2 groups. Diagnostic ratios were as follows: 89.1% vs 94.4% (patient based), 95.1% vs 97.7% (vessel based), and 97.8% vs 98.8% (segment based) for group A and group B, respectively (all P > 0.05). Radiation dose was significantly lower in group A (0.53 ± 0.14 mSv) as compared with group B (1.33 ± 0.17 mSv; P < 0.01).

Conclusions

For patients with high HR and without cardiac arrhythmia, the prospectively high-pitch spiral acquisition using third-generation dual-source CT at systolic phase can provide images with comparatively high diagnostic ratio and significantly lower radiation dose as compared with prospectively sequential acquisition mode.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles