The Effect of Dexpanthenol-Vitamin A (Nazalnem) on Silastic Splints After Nasal Septal Surgery

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Abstract

Objective:

To investigate the effect of dexpanthenol-vitamin A (Nazalnem) ointment applied to the surface of silastic splints with an airway immediately after nasal septal surgery on postoperative complaints and nasal mucosa function.

Materials and Methods:

The study enrolled 60 patients undergoing nasal septoplasty surgery. Group 1 (n = 30) received silastic splints with ointment containing dexpanthenol-vitamin A (Nazalnem), and Group 2 (n = 30), the control group, received silastic splints with vaseline. Of these patients, 2 patients from the Group 1 and 9 from the Group 2 were excluded.

Materials and Methods:

A thin layer of ointment was applied to the flat side of a silastic splint with an airway. The splints were removed on the second postoperative day. Patients were evaluated preoperatively and 1 and 2 weeks postoperatively using a visual analog scale and the Sino-Nasal Outcome test (SNOT-22). Mucociliary clearance (MCC) tests were performed at the same times.

Results:

Visual analog scale for nasal crusting, nasal congestion, and foul odor was better in Group 1 than in Group 2 both at 1 week and at 2 weeks postoperatively (P < 0.05).

Results:

The SNOT scores were significantly lower in Group 1 than in Group 2 at 1 week (P < 0.01), but did not differ at 2 weeks postoperatively (P > 0.05).

Results:

Postoperatively, the MCC were insignificant between the groups and within the groups at 1 and 2 weeks (P > 0.05).

Conclusion:

Although Dexpanthenol-Vitamin A ointment had no direct effect on wound healing, it had significant effects on crusting, obstruction, and foul smell. However, silastic splints with dexpanthenol did not improve the MCC of the nose.

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