Release of Moxifloxacin From Corneal Collagen Shields
To investigate the diffusion of moxifloxacin through bandage contact lenses (BCLs) versus corneal collagen shields (CSs), the relative ability of BCLs and CSs to release moxifloxacin, and the potential of release of moxifloxacin from CSs in the clinical setting.Methods:
Using an in vitro model, the diffusion of 5% moxifloxacin across BCLs and CSs was compared. Next, the amount of drug release from BCLs and CSs soaked in 0.5% moxifloxacin was measured. Finally, based on a clinical model, CSs were soaked in Vigamox (commercial moxifloxacin) and the total concentration released was detected. Collagen shields remained intact after 24 hr; therefore, enzymatic digestion and mechanical grinding of the CS were performed to determine whether further drug could be released. The concentration of moxifloxacin was measured using a spectrophotometer at set time points up to 24 hr.Results:
In the diffusion assay, 35.7±10.5% diffused through the BCLs and 36.2±11.8% diffused through the CSs (P=0.77). The absorption assay demonstrated at 120 min, a total of 33.3±6.77 μg/mL was released from BCLs compared with 45.8±5.2 μg/mL from the CSs (P=0.0008). In vitro experiments to simulate clinical application of Vigamox-soaked CS found the concentration of moxifloxacin released of 127.7±7.25 μg/mL in 2 mL of phosphate-buffered saline over 24 hr.Conclusions:
Moxifloxacin diffuses through BCLs and CSs at similar rates; however, CSs have greater capacity to absorb and release moxifloxacin compared with BCLs. Vigamox-soaked CSs released 250 μg of moxifloxacin and may be a useful method to prevent endophthalmitis.