Successful treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus infection in a patient receiving daily peritoneal dialysis

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Abstract

Purpose

Successful use of a 4-drug oral fixed-dose combination therapy to treat chronic hepatitis C in a patient receiving peritoneal dialysis (PD) is reported.

Summary

New highly effective treatments for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are now available, but safety and efficacy data on the use of anti-HCV therapies in patients with renal failure, particularly those requiring PD, remain limited. A 73-year-old black man with chronic HCV genotype 1a infection and stage 5 chronic renal disease requiring daily automated PD was referred for HCV treatment prior to renal transplantation. HCV treatment was initiated with paritaprevir–ritonavir–ombitasvir– dasabuvir, or “PrOD” (a combination tablet containing paritaprevir 75 mg, ritonavir 50 mg, and ombitasvir 12.5 mg to be taken once daily and a dasabuvir sodium 250-mg tablet to be taken twice daily), in conjunction with ribavirin 200 mg once daily. After a 12-week course of PrOD therapy, during which ribavirin therapy was tapered and then discontinued at week 10 and subcutaneous epoetin alfa was administered for anemia control from weeks 4 to 12, the patient's HCV viral load was undetectable; a sustained virologic response at 12 weeks (SVR12) was noted.

Conclusion

A patient with end-stage renal disease requiring PD was treated successfully for HCV genotype 1a infection with PrOD fixed-dose combination therapy plus ribavirin therapy. The patient achieved an SVR12 despite withdrawal of ribavirin at treatment week 10, with minimal adverse effects reported.

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