Unplanned 30-Day Readmissions after Parathyroidectomy in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease: A Nationwide Analysis

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Abstract

Objective

To examine rates of readmission after parathyroidectomy in patients with chronic kidney disease and determine primary etiologies, timing, and risk factors for these unplanned readmissions.

Study Design

Retrospective cohort study.

Setting

Nationwide Readmissions Database.

Subjects and Methods

The Nationwide Readmissions Database was queried for parathyroidectomy procedures performed in patients with chronic kidney disease between January 2013 and November 2013. Patient-, admission-, and hospital-level characteristics were compared for patients with and without at least 1 unplanned 30-day readmission. Outcomes of interest included rates, etiology, and timing of readmission. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify predictors of 30-day readmission.

Results

There were 2756 parathyroidectomies performed in patients with chronic kidney disease with an unplanned readmission rate of 17.2%. Hypocalcemia/hungry bone syndrome accounted for 40% of readmissions. Readmissions occurred uniformly throughout the 30 days after discharge, but readmissions for hypocalcemia/hungry bone syndrome peaked in the first 10 days and decreased over time. Weight loss/malnutrition at time of parathyroidectomy and length of stay of 5 to 6 days conferred increased risk of readmission with adjusted odds ratios (aOR) of 3.31 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.55-7.05; P = .002) and 1.87 (95% CI, 1.10-3.19; P = .02), respectively. Relative to primary hyperparathyroidism, parathyroidectomies performed for secondary hyperparathyroidism (aOR, 2.53; 95% CI, 1.07-5.95; P = .03) were associated with higher risk of readmission.

Conclusion

Postparathyroidectomy readmission rates for patients with chronic kidney disease are nearly 5 times that of the general population. Careful consideration of postoperative care and electrolyte management is crucial to minimize preventable readmissions in this vulnerable population.

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