Autologous Tissue Graft in Revision Medial Epicanthoplasty Using Subciliary Fat and Orbicularis Oculi Muscle

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Abstract

The medial epicanthal fold is one of the racial anatomic characteristics of Asians. As medial epicanthoplasty has become one of the most common cosmetic surgeries among Asians, the need for revision of overcorrected medial epicanthus also increased. In revision medial epicanthoplasty, an autologous tissue graft to the subcutaneous plane is used to reduce postoperative scar. Medial epicanthoplasty, using V–Y advancement and rotation flap, was performed in 93 patients (revision medial epicanthoplasty with autologous tissue graft, 60 patients; revision medial epicanthoplasty only, 33 patients). A V–Y and rotation flap was designed to cover the overexposed lacrimal lake. A small amount of fat tissue and orbicularis oculi muscle were harvested from the upper eyelid through the double-fold line and grafted to the subcutaneous space of the medial epicanthal area. We evaluated the patients’ satisfaction with the overall outcome and scar. The mean intercanthal distance increased from 32.3 mm before surgery to 34.6 mm after surgery. Satisfaction with the scar and overall outcome was higher in the patient group who underwent medial epicanthoplasty with autologous tissue graft. No complication was observed in the autologous tissue graft group, whereas 1 patient who underwent medial epicanthoplasty without autologous tissue graft showed recurrence of the medial epicanthal fold, 5 months after surgery. Medial epicanthoplasty with autologous tissue graft is a simple and reliable method to repair the overcorrected medial epicanthus that can efficiently increase the intercanthal distance and prevent scar contracture.

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