The prevalence and associated lifestyle risk factors of self-reported allergic rhinitis in Kazakh population of Fukang City

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Abstract

This study is to analyze the prevalence and the associated lifestyle risk factors of self-reported allergic rhinitis (AR) in Kazakh population of Fukang City.

A cross-sectional study was conducted using stratified random sampling method and 1689 Kazak people were surveyed. A standard questionnaire was used for face-to-face interview.

The prevalence of self-reported AR of Kazakh population in Fukang City was 13.7%, and sneezing was the most common symptoms (54.6%) with no significant differences among age, sex, and weight. The incidence of asthma in Kazakh people was correlated with age, and the incidence of allergies in Kazakh people was correlated with weight. Skin pruritus was the most common symptom for allergy (42.7%). The AR incidence was correlated with sinusitis and asthma, and was mostly associated with carpet use. For diet, the AR incidence was positively correlated with meat and fruit, and negatively correlated with beans and milk.

The prevalence of AR is high among Kazakh people in Fukang City, and its incidence is closely related with lifestyle risk factors such as carpet use and meat and fruit consumption.

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