Solitary myofibroma of the lumbar vertebra in young adult: A case report with 4-year follow-up of postoperative CT or MRI

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Background:

Solitary myofibroma of the spine is extremely rare, particularly among adults. To the best of our knowledge, only 3 cases affecting lumbar vertebrae have been reported in the English language literature. Of them, only 1 case was an adult case of solitary myofibroma affecting the L1 vertebra.

Methods:

We report a case of solitary myofibroma affecting the L5 vertebra in an 18-year-old man and the postoperative imaging of solitary myofibroma for the first time. Conventional radiographs demonstrated an expansile osteolytic lesion with thinned cortex and marginal sclerosis. Computed tomography (CT) showed a purely osteolytic expansile lesion with partial disappearance of thinned cortex. MRI of the lesion revealed an isointense signal on T1-weighted images, an inhomogeneous slightly hyperintense signal on T2-weighed images, and homogeneous avid enhancement with gadolinium.

Results:

Surgical excision was performed and the lesion was diagnosed as solitary myofibroma on pathological examination. One-year follow-up postoperative CT demonstrated decreased size of the osteolytic lesion with sclerotic change. Four-year follow-up postoperative MRI revealed complete resolution of the lesion replaced by normal fatty marrow.

Conclusion:

If a benign-looking expansile osteolytic lesion reveals a homogeneously isointense signal on T1-weighted image, inhomogeneous slightly hyperintense signal on T2-weighted image, and homogeneous avid enhancement with gadolinium, solitary myofibroma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of spine bone tumors. It can be resolved completely.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles