Solitary myofibroma of the lumbar vertebra in young adult: A case report with 4-year follow-up of postoperative CT or MRI

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Solitary myofibroma of the spine is extremely rare, particularly among adults. To the best of our knowledge, only 3 cases affecting lumbar vertebrae have been reported in the English language literature. Of them, only 1 case was an adult case of solitary myofibroma affecting the L1 vertebra.


We report a case of solitary myofibroma affecting the L5 vertebra in an 18-year-old man and the postoperative imaging of solitary myofibroma for the first time. Conventional radiographs demonstrated an expansile osteolytic lesion with thinned cortex and marginal sclerosis. Computed tomography (CT) showed a purely osteolytic expansile lesion with partial disappearance of thinned cortex. MRI of the lesion revealed an isointense signal on T1-weighted images, an inhomogeneous slightly hyperintense signal on T2-weighed images, and homogeneous avid enhancement with gadolinium.


Surgical excision was performed and the lesion was diagnosed as solitary myofibroma on pathological examination. One-year follow-up postoperative CT demonstrated decreased size of the osteolytic lesion with sclerotic change. Four-year follow-up postoperative MRI revealed complete resolution of the lesion replaced by normal fatty marrow.


If a benign-looking expansile osteolytic lesion reveals a homogeneously isointense signal on T1-weighted image, inhomogeneous slightly hyperintense signal on T2-weighted image, and homogeneous avid enhancement with gadolinium, solitary myofibroma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of spine bone tumors. It can be resolved completely.

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