Effects of Lens-Care Solutions on Hydrogel Lens Performance

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Abstract

SIGNIFICANCE

Lens care multipurpose solutions (MPSs) can have varying effects on contact lens (CL) surface properties and the corneal epithelium.

PURPOSE

The aim of this study was to investigate the short-term effects of newer MPS on CL comfort and dryness, prelens tear-film stability, and ocular-surface health. In vitro study was also performed to assess the effect of MPSs on CL surface properties.

METHODS

Acuvue 2 CLs were soaked in control solution, Clear Care (CC), or test solutions: PureMoist, Biotrue, RevitaLens (RL), or saline solution (SS). Over four visits, subjects were exposed to control solution in one eye and to test solution in the contralateral eye for 2 hours using presoaked CLs. Contact lens comfort and dryness, ocular-surface health assessment, prelens noninvasive tear breakup time, and corneal epithelial permeability measured with fluorometry were assessed. Captive-sessile bubble technique evaluated CL wettability and viscous drag in vitro.

RESULTS

At 10 minutes, mean comfort ± SD with PureMoist (76 ± 22) was lower than CC (86 ± 15, P = .02), Biotrue (92 ± 9, P < .005), RL (90 ± 13, P < .005), and SS (90 ± 14, P < .005). No other difference in comfort or dryness was noted. RevitaLens was associated with greater corneal epithelial permeability than CC (P = .020) and increased corneal staining compared with all MPSs (P < .005 for all). RevitaLens was also associated with longer prelens noninvasive tear breakup than CC (P < .005). In vitro results agreed with clinical findings of tear-film stability as RL reduced viscous drag. Contact lens surface wettability was enhanced by all MPSs in comparison to SS.

CONCLUSIONS

Differences of MPSs on the ocular surface were found in vivo and in vitro. RL caused the greatest corneal epithelium disruption but also associated with higher tear-film stability. The effect of MPSs on CL surface properties in vitro seems to reflect how MPSs altered prelens tear stability.

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