Management of Colorectal Cancer Patients Undergoing a Colonic Stenting: A Multidisciplinary Team Approach

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Abstract

Colonic stent procedure is one of the best therapeutic medical interventions for managing a colorectal cancer patient with large bowel obstruction. This is a retrospective study that evaluated data from the past 10 years; it examined the epidemiological and clinical data of patients with colorectal cancer undergoing a colonic stent procedure. In addition, this study prospectively evaluated the nurse's roles during a colonic stent procedure, and at the same time, it explored the patient's satisfaction with the procedure at the Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias (Spain). The results revealed that for the last 10 years, a total of 102 patients underwent a colonic stent procedure. Male patients outnumbered female patients by 2:1. The palliative group consisted of patients with multiple cancer metastases, elderly patients, and patients with other comorbidities, whereas the preoperative group comprised those patients with fewer comorbidities and no multiple cancer metastases. Survival time in the palliative group was 3 months without any aggressive treatment, whereas patients with a favorable condition and fit for surgery after a colonic stent procedure had a survival time of 28 months. In the prospective study, nurses implemented care in terms of a multidisciplinary team approach of safety culture that included patient safety, equipment safety, and environment and procedure safety. Therefore, the level of patient satisfaction was high. In conclusion, management of a colorectal cancer patient undergoing colonic stenting performed at the Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias has high technical and clinical success, and it is a quality procedure that includes a multidisciplinary team approach.

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